There was less of a sociopolitical motivation to leave an African mark on the cinematic medium, as this had been achieved over the last three decades. Through Wakaliwood, Uganda is at the forefront of business and cultural relationships with China and its resources. Beyond the festival route, African Cinema still didn’t penetrate the mainstream in any way since the derivative and diminishing, Now we have a brief overview of African Cinema’s history, just what makes, Comparing Wakaliwood to the Silent Greats, It cannot be argued that Africa Cinema is in its infancy, especially as it is a continent which contains the world’s third largest film industry, Nollywood. It was mostly filmed in the Wakaliga slum of the Ugandan capital of Kampala for much of its production, and a majority of the props seen were homemade. And a bold coming-of-age gay love story d… What Nabwana has achieved in Wakaliga since then is nothing short of remarkable. Briefly, my definition of the three phases of African Cinema- which I believe also roughly applies to African-American Cinema as their developmental stages, in the broadest possible sense, run almost in parallel- is as follows: Phase One: Distinctly Independent Cinema (1963-1993 approx.). It may have been creatively influenced by both East and West, but the viewer is always aware that it is a Ugandan film. because it adheres to my Western perceptions of what cinema is and how stories should be structured. It’s hard to really map out this phase as I consider it to be ongoing. Thank you to all our Supa Fans! On the deck, a young girl, Katie Harwood, is sitting alone, until the ship's captain offers to dance with her. Percent Change From Preceding Period in Real Gross Domestic Product.” Accessed Dec. 27, 2020. This does not dilute its contribution to African Cinema, in fact quite the opposite- like Black Girl, it is a film that spearheads a phase of African Cinema. Sembene was a pioneer in truly reclaiming African culture and telling African stories, both in literature and on screen. I believe that, for the sake of simplicity within this article, African Cinema’s history can be broken down into three broad phases. Americans know their Cinema, as do British people, Chinese, Australian, French… but do Africans? Sembene still relied on French support to get many of his earlier works made- he educated himself and developed his artistic occupations whilst in Europe, which he then brought back to the continent. Haile Gerima’s Sankofa and Roger Gnoan M’Bala’s Adanggaman are, to my mind, two of the best films from my self-defined second phase of African Cinema. After stealthily sneaking into the base, taking out a few guards, and directly assaulting the base (interrupting a drug deal that the gang was conducting and getting the USF into a deadly and long gunfight with multiple Tiger Mafia goons), the USF commandos manage to capture the brother of the gang's leader Richard and escape unharmed. Directed by Nabwana I.G.G. is a 2010 Ugandan action-comedy film written, produced, and directed by Nabwana Isaac Geoffrey Godfrey, in Wakaliwood, an ultra low-budget studio in Kampala, Uganda. (There are, of course, other notable landmark films in African and African-American Cinema, such as Cheryl Dunye’s Watermelon Woman, but the three aforementioned examples have penetrated the public consciousness to a far greater extent). Once again, I say this in the broadest sense, but they draw comparison to certain African American films such as Julie Dash’s extraordinary 1992 film Daughters of the Dust. It exists in an absurd reality slightly removed from our own. But Who Killed Captain Alex? doesn’t have this problem. As it becomes the largest film market in the world, Western filmmakers are scrambling for Chinese money with very mixed results – The Great Wall, Iron Man 3 and Transformers being notable culprits of trying to appease Chinese audiences who were left unimpressed- and the key seems to be not pandering to them. That alone demonstrates a shift in the kind of stories being told in Africa, by Africans. Dudnik was a celebrated pioneer in the Soviet whaling industry, and had received the Order of Lenin—the Communist Party’s highest honor—in 1936. The characters are more than game pieces that the author moves around the novel to solve the novel. The distraught Richard (after learning of his brother's capture by the USF on national TV), with the help of his double agent/spy on the inside of the USF command structure, retaliates with a massive assault on the USF base that results in the death of Captain Alex (it is disputed who killed him, however) and the USF falling into disarray for quite a while. As covered in my article about, Something many African Cinemas seem to struggle to understand is that the vast majority of cinemagoers are not interested in, As one of the few filmmakers to be part of this solution to the issues that have held back African Cinema, Nabwana has taken this a step further- the inspiration for, Nabwana’s relationship with China and Martial Arts, Through a long-time passion for martial arts movie from the East, Nabwana seems to be one of the only African filmmakers capitalizing on Chinese interest in the continent. At least, not without referring to relations with the West. He was 70-year-old.… And there may well be an unintentional, subconscious element of that, especially in my earlier comparison of Nabwana’s efforts to that of the early Hollywood moguls. http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Film/WhoKilledCaptainAlex. The plot is good, a man appears to be dead in a bombing at Grand Central Station. Director: Nabwana I.G.G. And know this, you diarrhea squirt.". Female Trouble. But there is still a way to go. Beyond the festival route, African Cinema still didn’t penetrate the mainstream in any way since the derivative and diminishing The Gods Must Be Crazy franchise a decade earlier (it should be noted they found success in Asia, but more on that later). As Wakaliwood becomes ever bigger, their outward look is what will usher in the fourth phase of African Cinema- one that the world will be watching. is an independent, low budget Ugandan action movie, produced by Ramon Film Productions, and is billed as "Uganda's first action movie". Black Girl is an essential part of a continent-wide sweep of political development, but Who Killed Captain Alex? © 2014-2020 Cinema Escapist, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. (2010, 2015 re-release) The Amazing Spider-Man film series . There is no other film quite like Who Killed Captain Alex?, and despite the obvious influences of Western action films and Chinese Martial Arts films, it does not strictly adhere to their traditional structures. They seem flesh and blood. But Nabwana understands this. The first film to come out of the L.A. Who Killed Captain Alex? How can conversation turn to National Cinemas when the vast majority lack an awareness of the vast distinctions between African nations and their cultures? Certain African countries nationalized their cinemas to ensure the production of empowering, indigenous films, but upon first glance it appears that far more should have been invested into these national Cinemas. bmun uses Letterboxd to share film reviews and lists. Rebellion school of filmmaking, by one of the first publicly recognized African-American filmmakers since Oscar Micheaux. To date, Who Killed Captain Alex? The film’s random, madcap humour has tapped into meme culture, another reason for its longevity. Fan Videos! It all starts with Nabwana- he has more ambition for Cinema beyond the art of filmmaking than perhaps any other African filmmaker in history. Wakaliwood’s work has received tens of millions of views on the internet, and all despite a budget of approximately $200. Also, a panpipes cover of Seal's "Kiss From a Rose" plays during completely inappropriate times, like during a serious drama scene or a stealth scene. African Cinema, as advanced as it was becoming, was not truly independent from forms of European influence. You don’t need to read subtitles to appreciate stunt work or an effective scare. The movie is scored with whatever music was royalty free. This represents a much-needed evolution in what sort of African stories were being told. Who Killed Captain Alex? Hand-painted by Wakaliwood artists on bark cloth, a natural, Ugandan fabric traditionally used as a burial shroud - we use it for painting! Alex didn’t slam down into the wall, though. “We love the Chinese culture of Kung Fu which has its own importance like body fitness, self-defense … we need that in our society, it is almost a medicine,”. This author has consistently argued, to much ridicule, that a movie which proudly declares that everybody in Uganda knows Kung Fu can be compared to masterpieces like Ousmane Sembene’s Black Girl, Charles Burnett’s Killer of Sheep, and Barry Jenkins’ Moonlight. The fact they are masterpieces has ensured they are more than just an interesting historical marker. A lack of desire from international markets to support African Film in a significant way, combined with a lack of resources and technology to preserve and develop, plagued this difficult first phase which produced some remarkable films and filmmakers, who remain criminally under-exposed. Rebellion school of filmmaking, by one of the first publicly recognized African-American filmmakers since Oscar Micheaux. One look at Wakaliwood’s growth, and its continued international attention through various press outlets and film festivals, draws very promising comparisons- but on Wakaliwood’s terms. and Bad Black have a narrator/color commentator, VJ Emmie, who sometimes adds in cannibal jokes. Phase Three: Overcoming The Past (2010-Present). The likes of Nollywood seem content where they are, and that is a big problem. is the first African film that has taken advantage of that. Moonlight. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available from firstname.lastname@example.org. Many films from this phase feel more like poetic contemplations than aggressive critiques. It demonstrates that the issues plaguing the exhibition and distribution of African Cinema’s rich variety of stories can be overcome. email@example.com. It was a film that was presented and marketed in a different way to other African films, and enjoyed worldwide attention because it was not so culturally specific as to be restrictive to wide audiences. Virality was clearly not Nabwana’s intention, but his creation has amassed a cult following who have sustained the film’s popularity on social media. Chaplin, Keaton and the studio moguls were a bunch of entertainers messing around in the California sunshine, in self-imposed exile to escape the monopolistic clutches of Thomas Edison over on America’s east coast. A recent documentary saw Nabwana visit China, as part of the latest Wakaliwood epic, As it becomes the largest film market in the world, Western filmmakers are scrambling for Chinese money with very mixed results –, It can certainly be problematic to assume, What Black Panther's Success Means For African Cinema, If Indian Movies Want Bigger Profits, They Should Focus on China, "Wolf Warrior 2" Shows a New Kind of Chinese Patriotism—That Speaks to Overseas Chinese, Interview: Berni Goldblat, Director of "Wallay", Review: "The Cursed Ones" and the Burden of History. A real pageturner. There are a variety of reasons for this, such as a lack of proper preservation of original negative prints, a lack of awareness among African audiences, and a lack of voices bringing African Cinema into mainstream conversation. was not part of a nationalized cinema, and it breaks new ground on multiple levels in the same way that Hollywood’s film industry did back when it started. Garret Voorhees’s reviews. With Tyler Perry, Matthew Fox, Rachel Nichols, Edward Burns. Votes: 7,203 Your donations will help build Uganda's first action movie studio and provide the foundation for a sustainable business here in Wakaliwood. The Ugandan soldiers and commandos in this movie wear camouflage clothing you can find in a typical Walmart or military survival store and wear no identifying patches, body armour or even military harnesses or gear. 2010 Online films kijken – Kijk de film Who Killed Captain Alex? The trailer for Who Killed Captain Alex? It achieves exactly the same thing, announcing a new type of filmmaking to the world, although by accident- Nabwana only made his film for the entertainment of the people of Wakaliga, but when it got uploaded to YouTube it introduced the internet to a unique piece of African filmmaking. To remember its heritage the use of developing technologies this License may be available from thestaff @ tvtropes.org free... 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